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Parkinson’s disease

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The term “parkinsonism” is used to describe signs of stiffness, tremor, slowing of movement as a result of loss of dopamine in the brain. In a few cases, it is not justified to say that the cause of this disease is “unknown” since it could be a result of genetic mutations. It is possible that a person who has been treated for this disease in the past may have to be diagnosed again with the same medication after additional features and symptoms of Parkinson’s are developed. Parkinson’s is a degenerative disorder that will get worse as time progresses.

The usually prescribed medications to fight Parkinson’s disease are either less effective or not effective at all when it comes to controlling the symptoms of this deadly disease.

Some of the symptoms that may be observed with Parkinson’s disease include:

Some of the causes of Parkinson’s disease include:

Parkinson's surgery

While there is no absolute cure for this disease, there are medicines available which are helpful in treating the symptoms of this disease. Some patients choose to undergo a brain surgery, in which the patient receives deep brain stimulation.  Surgery is usually only performed on those patients who can no longer depend on medications alone.

Another form of treatment is neurorehabilitation, in which a patient is stimulated to physically exercise (in what ever manner is possible) as well as practice speaking. Some studies have shown that speech and mobility have improved in patients who chose this type of treatment.

Celebrities who have been diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease include Muhammad Ali, Johnny Cash, Pope John Paul II and Michael J. Fox, who has also founded the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkison’s Research.

Image attributions: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Parkinson_surgery.jpg, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Human-brain-soul-of-man-p113.png

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