Interstitial cystitis is essentially an inflammation of the bladder. IC is a common term used to define an urgency to urinate, and a burning sensation while doing so.
While there has been much debate over what can be defined as interstitial cystitis, and how the illness is diagnosed, several facts about the disease have irrefutably been agreed upon, including various symptoms, risk factors and treatment methods.
Netdoctor.co.uk describes the symptoms of IC as being:
- Frequent uriniation (can be as often as every ten minutes)
- Pain or burning sensation during urination
- Immediate urgency to urinate
- Strange smelling urine
- Cloudy urine
- Pain above the pubic bone
- Painful sexual intercourse
Who is at greater risk of getting IC?
- Pregnant women
- Females who are not hygienic
- Men with an enlarged prostate
- Individuals practicing unprotected sex
What causes IC?
Netdoctor.co.uk describes in detail the various causes for IC. Some of these include the risk factors of developing the disease. Others include ‘honeymoon cytitis’, which is when a women has more sex than usual. Other causes are parasites and sexually transmitted diseases.
IC is usually diagnosed through a chemical laboratory test of the patient’s urine. Another indication of IC is when the doctor applies pressure to the bladder (just about the pubic bone), and the patient feels discomfort and pain.
For more detailed information on how IC is diagnosed, please click to go to medicinenet.com.
The most common treatment for IC is oral medication that can be obtained in pharmacies. Should the condition of the disease require more than just oral medication, there are several procedures a patient may undergo. These include a cleansing of the bladder, where the bladder is filled with a solution, which is then washed out with a catheter. If oral medications and bladder cleansing do not work, the patient may have to resort to surgery.
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Images: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ivu_1.jpg, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bladder_(PSF).jpg