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Congestive Heart Failure – Symptoms and Treatment


Congestive heart failure (CHF), or heart failure, is caused by a number of factors which when combined make it difficult for the heart to pump blood through the body to vital organs. Causes of the condition include:


The disease causes a cumulative build up of blood inside the arteries as the flow from the heart is much slower than required, so blood flowing back in has nowhere to go resulting in congestion within tissue. An indication of CHF is swelling in the ankles and legs (it can occur in other areas of the body too) which is made worse by water retention when the kidneys are unable to perform properly due to lack of blood and oxygen.  This also leads to high sodium content as the kidneys are unable to flush toxins and unused minerals.

Fluid can also gather in the lungs which leads to breathing difficulties, and this aspect of the condition is generally worsened when the sufferer is lying down.

Diagnosing and treating congestive heart failure

The earliest signs as mentioned previously are breathing difficulties and/or swelling to the ankles and legs. A less obvious indication is weight gain caused by fluid retention. If you think you have any of these symptoms contact your doctor immediately to be safe.

The treatment of CHF is usually carried out by a series of programs which comprise of the following elements:

Specific causes of CHF can be treated directly without the need to use several different treatments and the doctor’s diagnosis should ensure the correct treatment is given. Specific cases include things like treating high blood pressure or surgery to replace a damaged valve.

In worst scenario cases the patient may need a heart transplant.

Please share your thoughts on Congestive Heart Failure by leaving a comment.

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