ADD/ADHD is a disorder that was first discovered in the 1940s, but wasn’t thoroughly examined until the 1990s. Since then, many children and adults have been diagnosed with the disorder. While there are characteristic symptoms fort he disorder, ADD/ADHD is not an illness, and therefore a diagnosis, although there are some regulations, depends on the diagnostician and may be high subjective.
Symptoms if ADD/ADHD (which may now be found in one child in almost every classroom) include:
- A lack of attention to detail
- Average to low grades in school
- Lack of focus while completing tasks
- Difficulties in completing homework and/or schoolwork
- Lack of attention when being spoken to
- Easily distracted
- Highly unorganized
- Difficulty in remembering daily tasks
- Squirminess, can’t sit still
- Loud, often interrupts other people
- Restless, can’t stay seated
- Talk excessively
The most common treatment for ADD/ADHD suffers is medication. These will most likely come in the form of amphetamines, dextroamphetamines or methylphenidates. All of these medications are stimulants, which are proven to have the reverse effect in ADD/ADHD sufferers. The most common medications prescribed to patients are Ritalin, Adderall and Metadate as these have the best results and relatively harmless side effects.
Some side effects that may occur, however, include:
- Decreased appetite
- Mood swings
- Stomach aches
Another treatment option is behavioral training, because even though environmental factors (family, friends, school) do not cause ADD/ADHD, they do greatly influence the behavior of the individual. For example: a chaotic, entirely unorganized, loud and hectic environment will highlight and bring out the symptoms of an ADD/ADHD sufferer, whereas a quite, calm, serene environment at home or in the classroom will have the opposite effect. Behavioral training is also based on the rewards system, as research has shown that rewards for appropriate and good behavior in ADD/ADHD suffers (and punishment for the contrary) are highly effective.
Social skills training works in much the same way, in which the individual is coached and taught how to behave in social situations and how to interact with others. Psychotherapy may also be an option, as many ADD/ADHD sufferers have a slow emotional development. Therapy may help them deal with their emotions and develop ways of dealing with ADD/ADHD.
Disclaimer: We are not doctors, please consult a physician for advice on the treatment of ADD/ADHD.
Image: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1054533Tags: ADD ADHD medication treatment