You Can Now Manage Diabetes With a Wearable, Artificial Pancreas

We’ve been relying on artificial insulin injections for diabetes management for over 30 years now—which is practically ancient in modern medicine terms. But now, the FDA (presumably pre-shutdown) has approved an artificial, wearable pancreas that may finally kick all those painful insulin injections to the curb.

Made by Minneapolis-based medical device company Medtronic, the palm-sized pancreas helper continuously reads the users glucose levels and lessens the flow of insulin as need be—just a like a real pancreas would—almost. The difference between the two is that the pump doesn’t increase the amount of insulin in the presence or raised blood sugar. And while both glucose monitoring devices and insulin pumps are both currently available to diabetics, there was no system that combined the two until now.

You Can Now Manage Diabetes With a Wearable, Artificial Pancreas

And more than just being easier to use, this combined system may actually do more to save a patient’s life. Because both the monitor and pump are connected, if the beeper-like device notices that the wearer’s blood sugar is becoming dangerously low, it will automatically shut itself off for up to tow hours in order to prevent a diabetic coma.

Of course, no new technology is perfect, and the artificial pancreas does have a false alarm rate of 33 percent, according to Medtronics. Even with that, though, this is still one of the more accurate sensors we have available and is almost certainly one of the best ways to manage diabetes that we have available to us today. Plus, this is a major advancement that could, on day, lead to the production of an in-body artificial pancreas that really does work just like the ones Mom used to make.

Medtronic will start selling the device over the next few weeks, and they already have their eyes set on the next model: a fully automated version that requires absolutely zero input from the wearers themselves. [Singularity Hub]

Big breakfast may be best for diabetes patients

(HealthDay)—A hearty breakfast that includes protein and fat may actually help people with type 2 diabetes better control both their hunger and their blood sugar levels.

Patients who ate a big breakfast for three months experienced lower (glucose) levels, and nearly one-third were able to reduce the amount of diabetic medication they took, according to an Israeli study that was scheduled for presentation Wednesday at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes annual meeting in Barcelona.

“The changes were very dramatic,” said Dr. Joel Zonszein, director of the Clinical Diabetes Center at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City. “I’m impressed with these findings,” added Zonszein, who was not involved with the study. “We should see if they can be reproduced.”

The researchers based their new study on previous investigations that found that people who regularly eat breakfast tend to have a lower (BMI) than those who skip the meal. BMI is a measurement that takes into account height and weight. Breakfast eaters also enjoy lower and are able to use more efficiently.

The trial randomly assigned 59 people with to either a big or small breakfast group.

The big breakfast contained about one-third of the daily that the would have, while the small breakfast contained only 12.5 percent of their total daily energy intake. The big breakfast also contained a higher percentage of protein and fat.

Doctors found that after 13 weeks, blood sugar levels and blood pressure dropped dramatically in people who ate a big breakfast every day. Those who ate a big breakfast enjoyed blood sugar level reductions three times greater than those who ate a small breakfast, and reductions that were four times greater.


About one-third of the people eating a big breakfast ended up cutting back on the daily they needed to take. By comparison, about 17 percent of the small breakfast group had to increase their medication prescriptions during the course of the trial.

The people eating a big breakfast also found themselves less hungry later in the day.

“As the study progressed, we found that hunger scores increased significantly in the small breakfast group while satiety scores increased in the big breakfast group,” study co-author Dr. Hadas Rabinovitz, of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, said in a news release from the association. “In addition, the big breakfast group reported a reduced urge to eat and a less preoccupation with food, while the small breakfast group had increased preoccupation with food and a greater urge to eat over time.”

Rabinovitz speculated that a big breakfast rich in protein causes suppression of ghrelin, which is known as the “hunger hormone.”

The protein in the also likely helped control the patients’ blood sugar levels, said Vandana Sheth, a certified diabetes instructor and registered dietitian in Los Angeles and a spokeswoman for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

“We know when you eat carbohydrates, they can elevate blood sugar within 15 minutes to an hour,” Sheth said. “Protein takes longer to convert into glucose, as long as three hours, and not all of it goes to glucose. Some of it is used to repair muscle, for example. So it’s not a direct effect—100 percent of the carbs you eat convert to glucose, while only a portion of protein you eat converts to glucose.”

Zonszein said he has concerns about the study. For example, he said both the size and the length of the trial were insufficient, and he questioned why so many participants left before its conclusion.

However, he said the results were impressive enough that he might try the dietary strategy out in his own practice.

“It’s a virtually benign manipulation of the meal pattern,” Zonszein said. “I want to give it to my nutritionist to see what she thinks, and we may end up using it with several of our patients.”

The data and conclusions of research presented at medical meetings should be viewed as preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

More information: For more information on a diabetic diet, visit the U.S. National Library of Medicine.


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Another Angle on Childhood Obesity — Empower the Child …

We know the statistics. Childhood obesity has become a national public health challenge, with rates of childhood obesity doubling in the past 30 years. (1) According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2010 approximately 1/3 of children were obese or overweight. (2) A study released by the American Heart Association just this month found 5 percent of American teenagers were severely obese.

With a national focus on childhood obesity this month, teaching children to manage their weight and eat consciously should play a significant role in empowering children to prevent obesity. Children are capable of learning about food, nutrition and movement. The American Academy of Pediatrics has found that children are starting to eat more vegetables and move. While these results are encouraging, significant gains are still needed to combat this national health crisis.

Having sent my own child off to school recently, I realize that access to the right food prevents children from making poor food choices, but empowering children with the tools and knowledge to make healthy decisions is a life skill that can be taught. Children can learn to budget calories, sugar and fat. We just need to teach them.

In our house, we budget sugar by creating our own system of sugar finance. The children are allowed so many “sugar dollars” per day and have learned to use addition and subtraction to decide if they can eat that second cupcake or lollipop. They think about the number of sugary drinks they may have had and they count their servings of fruits and vegetables. They actually treat the whole system like a game and are determined to win everyday by banking their sugar dollars for real money at the end of the week. They are, by the way, 5 years and 4 years of age, respectively.

I have seen many great initiatives trying to bring the concept of nutrition into the schools. Vending machines with healthy foods, improved food service, and community gardens are becoming a part of our children’s schools. While this is encouraging, I still do not see a national curriculum on nutrition that teaches children to budget and measure food, calories and sugar on a daily basis. We need a curriculum that empowers the child. Sugar dollars may be a start, but we need more creative tools to help kids help themselves.

In developing such a curriculum, children will also learn the more intangible lessons of self control, discipline and respect for one’s body. These are skills that will determine success later in life. Short term, self gratification does not lead to success of any kind. Strategic thinking, planning and impulse control will. Having observed my own children and many others, these are early learning lessons. They should begin in preschool and advanced through elementary education.

While we work on food deserts, movement and genetically modified food, lets include the child at the center of the childhood obesity concept. As a mom, pediatrician, integrative health expert and living healthy naturally M.D., I know that children can do this. They can beat the obesity crisis if we can create the right curriculum. We need to empower the child.

References:

1. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM. Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and adolescents, 1999-2010. Journal of the American Medical Association 2012;307(5):483-490.

2. National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 2011: With Special Features on Socioeconomic Status and Health. Hyattsville, MD; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2012.

For more by Tasneem Bhatia, M.D., click here.

For more on obesity, click here.



Follow Tasneem Bhatia, M.D. on Twitter:

www.twitter.com/@drtazmd

The whys of rising obesity | Harvard Gazette

Harvard nutrition expert Walter Willett compared the marketing of junk food to kids with an earlier era’s child labor practices, saying that young people have been “exploited” by both systems. He said such food marketing is an important factor in America’s obesity epidemic.

“Children are being exploited, same as sweatshops,” Willett said. “This is a natural consequence of a capitalist food supply.”

Willett, speaking today at a Forum at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH), said that much of the blame for the obesity epidemic should go to food industry researchers who have done their jobs all too well. Under pressure from the ever-competitive food industry, the researchers perfected not just the preferred tastes of prepared foods, but also their packaging and advertising.

Marketing strategies aimed at children influence a population this is not only vulnerable to such messages, but is also establishing long-lasting dietary habits.

Panelists on the forum webcast included Willett, who chairs the HSPH’s Nutrition Department; Michael Rich, an associate professor at HSPH and Harvard Medical School (HMS) and director of the Center on Media and Child Health at Harvard-affiliated Children’s Hospital Boston; Dariush Mozaffarian, associate professor of epidemiology at HSPH and associate professor of medicine; and former Food and Drug Administration Commissioner David Kessler, now a professor at the University of California at San Francisco. The hour-long panel, called “Why We Overeat: The Toxic Food Environment and Obesity,” took place before a small studio audience in the Kresge Building and drew Internet viewers from as far away as Australia.

The discussion cast a strong light on America’s children, 17 percent of whom are obese and 5 percent of whom are in a new category called “severely obese,” according to panel moderator Meredith Melnick of the Huffington Post, which co-sponsored the event.

While food industry marketing plays an important role in the obesity epidemic, panelists described several other important factors that are increasingly causing experts to view the epidemic not as a collective failure of personal willpower but as the offshoot of an unhealthy food environment. Among the concerns are changing eating habits, where people no longer eat just at mealtimes, and the tendency to eat while watching television.

Television is a factor in the fattening of America, the panelists said, displaying what public health officials call a “dose-response” relationship with obesity — meaning the more television we watch, the fatter we get. The amount of time children spend interacting with screens on televisions, computers, cellphones, and other devices has risen dramatically, Rich said, to more than seven hours a day. But it is television time — with focused attention, exposure to advertising, and “mindless eating” — that has proven a key obesity factor, Rich said.

Although sedentary lifestyles often share part of the blame for the epidemic, Mozaffarian said that is largely unwarranted. People today, he said, are no less active than they were in the 1970s, before the epidemic began to take hold. Rather, he said, the blame lies squarely on changes to the American diet since the early 1980s.

In that time, portion sizes have increased, and consumption of sugary drinks has soared. One important factor in the changes, he said, was well-intended. The anti-fat messages of the ’80s drove many people concerned about their health to avoid fat in foods, and instead to increase their carbohydrate intake. The problem, Mozaffarian said, was that much of those carbohydrates were in the form of highly processed starches that in the body behave in much the same way as sugar.

Willett and Mozaffarian rejected the idea that genetics plays a role in the epidemic. Though some experts have pointed to the body’s ability to hold onto calories as an ancient defense against famine, the two pointed out that the current crisis is a new development, one largely not suffered in our grandparents and great-grandparents’ time, when obesity rates were a third what they are today. Genes, they said, don’t change that quickly.

Panelists disagreed about the significance of America’s high-sugar diet, with Kessler saying that sugar combines with too much salt and fat in irresistible products that amount to a food “carnival.” Mozaffarian, however, said the focus on any particular component of food can be misleading. Instead, he said, people should focus on eating whole foods like fruits, vegetables, nuts, and grains.

“It’s really the kinds of food that’s important,” Mozaffarain said. “We focus a lot on what not to eat; we need to focus on what’s good to eat.”

Willett suggested something akin to the Mediterranean diet, which Mozaffarian pointed out has more fat in it than the typical American diet. Without some sort of regulation to force a change, however, Willett was pessimistic that a solution is near.

“If we have no restraints, the problem isn’t going away. It’s only going to get worse,” Willett said.

Fantastic New TV-program on Obesity: Toxic Sugar | DietDoctor.com

Is sugar toxic and the cause of the obesity epidemic? Here’s a great new Australian TV-program called Toxic Sugar.

It’s arguably the best 18-minute introduction ever made on the true causes of the obesity epidemic. The program features the #1 enemy of the sugar industry: professor Robert Lustig. Also appearing: science writer Gary Taubes and obesity expert professor Michael Crowley.

See it and then tell your friends. This needs to be seen by a lot of people.

Here’s a few comments:

Low fat, high sugar

Misguided low-fat advice is blamed for the increase in sugar intake. For example: low-fat mayo has six time more sugar than normal mayo. And let’s not even talk about sweetened low-fat yoghurt. “You might as well eat candy” says professor Crowley. The sugar is hiding everywhere today. Says Lustig:

…virtually every food item in the store that has a food label, it has some form of sugar!

By the way: did you have a glass of fruit juice this morning? If you did, you are aging seven times faster! Source: once more the quotable dr Lustig (I’ve no idea where he got that exact number).

Carbs – insulin – fat

What’s the problem with carbs? Too much bad carbs (like soda) easily leads to the secretion of too much of the hormone insulin, making your body store more fat.

Trying to control your weight – by just eating less and exercising more – in that situation will be a life-long uphill struggle. Eventually almost everybody loses.

The “set point” misconception

I have one objection towards the end of the show. Crowley claims that the body has a weight set point. Lose weight and the body will try to return to the original weight. This is a common misconception.

The truth is that the body tends to return to your original weight IF AND ONLY IF you return to your original lifestyle! There is no quick-fix that works forever.

To lose weight long-term you need a long-term lifestyle change. Avoiding excess sugar is a great first step.

Blaming the food industry

The program ends by laying the responsibility for the obesity crisis on the shoulders of the food industry.

While that may be partially true we can never expect them to solve this problem. It’s never going to happen. Read the excellent book “Salt, Sugar, Fat” and you’ll appreciate why: they simply can’t stop producing profitable junk food by themselves. If they try another company will quickly steal their market share.

The entire industry has to be forced to change.

Where to start

Here’s what you can do: See the video above and then spread it to your friends, so that they too understand. That’s a great start.

More

It’s the Insulin, Stupid

Why Calorie Counters are Confused

Yes, a Low-Carb Diet Greatly Lowers Your Insulin

What Happens If You Eat 5,800 Calories Daily on an LCHF Diet?

The Official Disease of the 2012 London Olympics!

Why Calorie Counting is an Eating Disorder

The #1 Cause of Obesity: Insulin

Fat Forecast: Disaster

Diabetes no ground for job denial: HC

CHENNAI: Can diabetes and a blood sugar level of 140mg/dL be cited as reasons to deny employment to a person?

No, the Madras high court has said, adding, “There cannot be a blanket ban on giving public employment to persons with diabetes. Medical experts opine that diabetes is a condition where the body fails to utilise the ingested glucose properly. Further, there is a strong school of thought that a diabetic is not suffering from a disease, but only a disorder that could be managed.”

Upholding a Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) order rejecting the railway administration’s claim that a diabetic might not be able to discharge his/her works efficiently, a bench of Justice R Banumathi and Justice T S Sivagnanam said, “It is unfair on the part of the railway administration to reject a candidature on a single blood test.”

Manikandan, a commercial clerk in Southern Railway, died in harness in 2010. His wife Arockiammal applied to the railways for a job on compassionate grounds. In 2011, the railway administration informed that she was unfit on medical grounds, as her blood sugar level was around 140mg/dL.

She then approached the CAT for remedy. The railways resisted her application, stating that compassionate appointment cannot be a matter of right and that she had been found medically unfit for the job. The tribunal, however, allowed her plea, and directed the railways to appoint her under compassionate grounds.

The present appeal in the high court was filed by the railway administration.

Dismissing the appeal, the division bench said that, as of a 2011 survey, 62.4million (as against 1.2 billion Indian population) are diabetic. It is slated to increase in 2030 to 110.1 million. “Diabetes usually has no impact on an individual’s ability to do a particular job, and in most cases the employer may not even know that his employee has diabetes. As the impact of diabetes and its management varies among individuals, there cannot be a blanket ban on giving public employment to persons with diabetes.

The judges said they were conscious of the legal position that there is no vested right to secure appointment on compassionate grounds, but said that they had jurisdiction to step in when they find that there has not been an objective consideration or arbitrary approach by the authorities. Pointing out that Arockiammal was otherwise eligible for the employment, the judge said, “to deny employment to her on speculation that what might occur in future is unreasonable.”

The judges then directed the railway administration to comply with the CAT direction on giving employment to Arockiammal within three months.

Medical experts point out that people with diabetes should not be discriminated based on their condition as it is treatable and does not interfere with the person’s routine life. “Diabetes is a very common disorder and no one can deny a job for a diabetic on these grounds. Diabetics are healthy people who have a treatable condition and it does not affect their work in any way,” said diabetologist Dr A Ramachandran, Chairman, Dr A Ramachandran’s Diabetes Hospitals.

Study: High blood sugar, but not necessarily diabetes, raises dementia risk

Diabetes has been linked to diabetes before, but a new study suggests people with high blood sugar who don’t even have the disease still seem to face an added risk for Alzheimer’s

Researchers say the new study’s findings suggests a novel way to try to prevent Alzheimer’s disease is by keeping blood sugar, or glucose, at a healthy level.

Alzheimer’s is by far the most common form of dementia. An estimated In the 5.2 million people have Alzheimer’s or some other form of dementia in the U.S., and that number is expected to climb to 13.8 million by 2050, according to the Alzheimer’s Association.

The new study tracked blood sugar over time in people with and without diabetes to see how it affects their risk for the mind-destroying neurological disease.

The results challenge current thinking by showing that it’s not just the high glucose levels of diabetes that are a concern, said the study’s leader, Dr. Paul Crane of the University of Washington in Seattle.

“The most interesting finding was that every incrementally higher glucose level was associated with a higher risk of dementia in people who did not have diabetes,” Crane said in a statement.

“It’s a nice, clean pattern” – risk rises as blood sugar does, added Dallas Anderson, a scientist at the National Institute on Aging, the federal agency that paid for the study. “This is part of a larger picture” and adds evidence that exercising and controlling blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol are a viable way to delay or prevent dementia, he said.

Because so many attempts to develop effective drugs have failed, “It looks like, at the moment, sort of our best bet,” Anderson said. “We have to do something. If we just do nothing and wait around till there’s some kind of cocktail of pills, we could be waiting a long time.”

People who have diabetes don’t make enough insulin, or their bodies don’t use insulin well, to turn food into energy. That causes sugar in the blood to rise, which can damage the kidneys and other organs – possibly the brain, researchers say.

The new study, published in Thursday’s New England Journal of Medicine, just tracked people and did not test whether lowering someone’s blood sugar would help treat or prevent dementia. That would have to be tested in a new study, and people should not seek blood-sugar tests they wouldn’t normally get otherwise, Crane said.

“We don’t know from a study like this whether bringing down the glucose level will prevent or somehow modify dementia,” but it’s always a good idea to avoid developing diabetes, he said.

Crane did say that trying to eat less sugar — or foods with a lower glycemic index — may not help everyone.

“Your body turns your food into glucose, so your blood sugar levels depend not only on what you eat but also on your individual metabolism: how your body handles your food,” he said in a statement. Walking and physical activity could help, he added.

The study involved 2,067 people 65 and older in the Group Health Cooperative, a Seattle-area health care system. At the start, 232 participants had diabetes; the rest did not. They each had at least five blood-sugar tests within a few years of starting the study and more after it was underway. Researchers averaged these levels over time to even out spikes and dips from testing at various times of day or before or after a meal.

Participants were given standard tests for thinking skills every two years and asked about smoking, exercise and other things that affect dementia risk.

After nearly seven years of follow-up, 524, or one quarter of them, had developed dementia – mostly Alzheimer’s disease. Among participants who started out without diabetes, those with higher glucose levels over the previous five years had an 18 percent greater risk of developing dementia than those with lower glucose levels.

Among participants with diabetes at the outset, those with higher blood sugar were 40 percent more likely to develop dementia than diabetics at the lower end of the glucose spectrum.

The effect of blood sugar on dementia risk was seen even when researchers took into account whether participants had the apoE4 gene, which raises the risk for Alzheimer’s.

At least for diabetics, the results suggest that good blood-sugar control is important for cognition, Crane said.

For those without diabetes, “it may be that with the brain, every additional bit of blood sugar that you have is associated with higher risk,” he said. “It changes how we think about thresholds, how we think about what is normal, what is abnormal.”

Bitter truth: Diabetes rising at alarming rate in Kingdom

Diabetes in the Kingdom is growing at an alarming annual rate of 80 percent, with 150,000 new cases reported every year.
This was revealed at a gathering of medical experts in the fields of glandular and diabetes-related diseases.
The participants explored the findings of a scientific study conducted among 1,300 fasting diabetics in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Bahrain, Oman, Egypt, Lebanon, Indonesia, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
Dr. Salih Al-Jasir, consultant endocrinologist at King Abdulaziz Medical City’s National Guard Hospital, said countries across the world were spending $ 471 billion annually on diabetes patients. “The US alone spends nearly $ 230 billion compared to SR6 billion on diabetes-related cases in the Kingdom.”
The Head of Diabetes Center at the Ministry of Health, Dr. Mohammed Al-Harbi, said the incidence of diabetes in the Kingdom stood at 14.1 percent of the total population and that 28.9 percent of those infected were above the age of 30. These figures reveal that there were as many as 4 to 6 million diabetics in the Kingdom.
Research findings reveal that the Kingdom is ranked third globally in terms of the incidence of type one diabetes, especially among children, and that this type of diabetes has nothing to do with lifestyle, as many may be born with the disease, he said.
The ministry has decided to set up 28 diabetes centers Kingdomwide, of which 19 centers are already operational, he said.
Dr. Yusuf Salih, consultant of glandular diseases at the Health Affairs department at the National Guard, said that food consumption should, in fact, decrease with the advent of Ramadan and that the volume of work should increase. However, food consumption is found to increase four-fold compared to other months of the year and in the absence of any physical activity, people tend to put on weight.
Dr. Anwar Al-Jimah, another gland disease consultant, stressed the importance of having a pre-dawn meal.
“The later you have sahoor, the more beneficial for diabetics since they need to manage their blood sugar levels,” he said. He advised patients to avoid exercises during fasting hours, especially after Asr prayer, to avoid risks related to low blood sugar cases.

Acute emotional stress can be risk factor for type-2 diabetes

Adding to the risk factors that can lead to type-2 diabetes – such as being
overweight, a poor lifestyle and genes – acute mental stress can also trigger
the disease, researchers at Holon’s Wolfson Medical Center said
Sunday.

Prof. Mona Boaz, head of the epidemiology unit at the hospital,
said a study was done whereby patients hospitalized as a matter of routine had
their sugar levels recorded and were compared with those who were hospitalized
during Operation Pillar of Defense in November 2012, the eight-day war between
Israel and Hamas in the Gaza Strip.

Dr. Julio Wainstein, head of
Wolfson’s diabetes clinic, said that “one-time severe stress could trigger the
development of type-2 diabetes or diabetes becoming more
serious.”

Wainstein and Boaz published their findings in the latest
Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics journal. Wainstein explained that there are
differences of opinion on the effects of psychological stress on sugar
levels.

“Thus, when the campaign took place, we compared the sugar levels
of patients who were tested three days before the war [November 7 to 10, 2012]
to those during the first four days of the war, November 14 to 17.”

A
total of 3,375 blood samples were taken, of them 1,856 before and 1,708 during
the conflict. Sugar levels rose significantly during the crisis from 169 mg per
deciliter to 176. While genes and lifestyles are important in the development of
diabetes, the team concluded, acute stress can also be a factor, and chronic
stress can be an environmental trigger in people with a genetic
tendency.

Wainstein said that diabetes has become an “epidemic” not only
because of junkfood diets but also because of the stress of modern life. He
advises people to use breathing exercises, meditation, psychological treatment
and even hypnotherapy to reduce stress.

Diabetes now afflicts those in their 20s

BANGALORE: Type 2 diabetes, believed to afflict the 40-plus age group, is growing younger. Patients are now increasingly in the 20-29 age group.

Of the 12,782 persons who underwent diabetes screening in the past year for a study conducted by a diagnostic lab, 2,713 (21%) suffering from high sugar levels were aged 20-29 years. It’s a clear indicator that Type 2 diabetes — attributed to genetic causes and lifestyle — is affecting the youth.

A recent case which made doctors sit up was a 17-year-old CET aspirant, who was first diagnosed as a case of Type 1 diabetes. The diagnosis was later changed to Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is seen in children and adolescents where the body’s malfunctioning affects insulin production. “Because he was so young, he was first treated by a general physician for Type 1 diabetes. More tests proved his was a case of Type 2 diabetes. The causes were increased stress levels due to exam pressure, improper dietary habits, obesity and other lifestyle changes,” said Dr Praveen Ramachandra, adult and paediatric endocrinologist from Columbia Asia hospital.

The study revealed that lifestyle issues are making youngsters more prone to diabetes.

“We were surprised to see many youngsters having high sugar levels, with borderline diabetes. In the initial stages, there may not be any symptoms. When screened, we figured out the need for exercise and healthy dietary habits for such persons, many of who are men. The age group of 20-29 years was so far a grey area, and there was no preventive medication so far. There is need for further research in this area,” said Dr HN Ravi Kumar, managing director of RV Metropolis.

The survey drew material from diabetes screening camps conducted across Bangalore from April 2012 to June 2013. “Such patients need proper counselling,” Dr Ravi added.

Two employees of the Karnataka Rural Infrastructure Development were found to be suffering from Maturity Onset Diabetes of Young (MODY). “The employees, aged 28 and 29, were suffering from MODY caused due to genetic abnormality, and are on treatment now,” said Dr Ravi.

The study was conducted by RV Metropolis Diagnostic and Healthcare Centre.

‘Am I diabetic?’

When youngsters are told they are diabetic, they receive the news with disbelief. This young techie was no exception.

“I started losing weight drastically. I’d feel tired all the time, and this affected my work. When I visited the doctor and gave several tests, I was told my blood had high sugar levels. I’m suffering from Type 2 diabetes,” said a 28-year-old software architect.

“The first line of treatment is diet and regular exercise. I’m on that,” he said.

Scary stats

12,782 persons underwent diabetes screening

13.61% (1,739) persons had very high sugar levels (160-500 mg%).

5.92% were women

7.63% were men

3% were in 0-9 age group (juvenile diabetes)

5% were 10-19 years old

21% (2,713) with symptoms of diabetes are in 20-29 age group

(Source: RV Metropolis study)