Google celebrates Les Paul's birthday with a doodle

Google’s doodle today is celebrating the birthday of an individual who made his mark on the world of music and left a legacy of six-stringed desirables in his wake. Les Paul, immortalised by Gibson guitars is the man of the hour.

Owning a Gibson Les Paul is making a statement; you are a rock legend. With their twin humbuckers and 3 way rocker switch, the Les Pauls give a distinct sound and versatility in a unique looking body. As a lead guitar, for me there is nothing better. Perfectly weighted, easy to play and raucous as you like, the Gibson screams quality.

Les Paul's birthday is celebrated by Google today

The Les Paul is a bit like a Porsche 911 Turbo. Everybody wants one – even those that don’t know it yet. Once driven (or played) there is no looking back. There is of course a certain amount of prestige involved and well-to-do dick wavers without a modicum of talent are often seen brandishing the axe as a kind of trade-off between ability and credibility.

As with much of the pop industry these days, image rules and talent doesn’t matter.

But the real Les Paul, the man who inspired the guitar brand; he could play.

Les Paul playing in Wisconsin

Born in Wisconsin on June 9th, 1915, Lester William Polfuss was destined for musical greatness. By the age of 13 he had invented a neck rest to hold a harmonica so he could play guitar at the same time, something he was already doing live by that age.

His influences derived from jazz and country but over the years he developed a thirst for adventure in sound and although not the first person to use effects such as tape delay, sound-on-sound, multi-tracking and phasing effects, he was considered a pioneer as his music took these sounds to a wider audience.

By 1939 Les Paul was performing in New York with his three piece band and it was there that he was noticed by Fred Waring who gave them a featured spot on his Pennsylvanians show.

In the early 1940‘s he developed his own guitar. Being unhappy with the hollow body of the semi-acoustic he experimented with a solid body and solved various problems such as feedback and sustain in one fell swoop.

In his early days Les Paul was already a great player and innovator

He continued to use his home made guitar through the war when he was drafted into service and played as backing for Nat King Cole. Les Paul then became friends with Bing Crosby who regularly featured him on his radio show and the pair recorded several big hitters including the 1945 classic, It’s Been a Long Time.

After a horrendous car accident in which his wife, Mary Ford was driving, almost claimed his life, Les Paul’s arm was badly damaged and surgeons gave him the option of amputation or a fixed position because they couldn’t repair the damage. He chose the latter and had it positioned at almost 90 degrees meaning he could still pick and strum the guitar.

Aside from his guitar design which Gibson were not at first interested in, Les Paul also invented other devices to aid his playing. After a near fatal electrocution in 1940 he studied electricity more carefully and his research led him to invent the Les Paulverizer; a device which sampled a lick or other sound and allowed him to overdub with additional samples, creating a live multitrack recorder – a recording principle excellently demonstrated here by Reyn Owuehand.

The principle behind his technology has been adapted into multi-track recorders and DAWs such as Cubase and Logic and he was truly a pioneer in the field of recording.

When you pick up a Les Paul you’re touching a piece of history so vital to the music industry that not to acknowledge it is an insult to the man behind it all. Without his experimentation and inventions the world of music would undoubtedly look and sound very different, so with the greatest respect and admiration I would like to say, “Happy Birthday Les Paul.”

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Read about other Google Doodles like Charlie Chaplin; Robert Bunsen; Jules Verne, Houdini and Ernest Shackleton.

images: gizmodo.com, esquire.com, randylangione.com, blog.rhapsody.com, google.com

Google had to make tough decision over Sam Fox doodle

Google found themselves in a difficult situation yesterday over which occasion to mark with their doodle. Charlie Chaplin’s short film won the day but it was a close call as the internet search and advertising giant really wanted to celebrate the 45th birthday of British singer, actress and model Samantha Fox.

Amusingly thought of as a singer, the British public best remember Sam Fox for her ‘modelling’ work as a page 3 girl in The Sun, a British ‘red top’ paper which rose to popularity in the 1970’s by having a picture of a young, topless girl on the third page every day.

Samantha Fox displays her vocal talents although she was unable to sing after this photo shoot due to feeling a little chesty

She was often pictured in some horrendously luminous coloured, terrible 80’s style bikini which was about as flattering to her curves as the music press were about her singing ability, but that didn’t bother builders and footballers the country over who probably didn’t even notice that she had a face, let alone what colour her fishnet swimsuit was.

Her singing career was never taken seriously by anyone; perhaps it was those same builders and footballers who bought her records in the hope of a bit of fleshy nostalgia, but after she hung up her boobs the majority of public interest deflated and the pint-sized ‘singer’ quickly faded into obscurity.

Fox did make several comeback attempts and in 1989 she co-hosted the Brit Awards with Mick Fleetwood (of Fleetwood Mac fame) much to the public’s bewilderment and amusement. The show was dreadful, mistimed lines and guests, performers not turning up and sections of the show were not aired due to time constraints.

[adsense]That show somehow epitomised the life of Fox who was at best a trader’s daughter with delusions of grandeur. In a sad indictment of our times her best claim to fame was bearing her tits for public pleasure, and while bricklayers and school boys may have found her charismatic and classy, she was in fact neither.

Now aged 45 years and one day, the bubbly page 3 girl (let’s keep it real here) has just missed out on the accolade of a Google doodle, or ‘booble’ but hope remains for the lesbian heartbreaker that next year will bring her more luck.

Belated happy birthday Samantha Fox.

Please send Sam Fox your birthday wishes by leaving a comment.

Read about other nude celebs like Kat Dennings, Kim Kardashian, Rihanna, Mariah Carey and Padma Lakshmi.

images: jlbane; zcelebrity.net

 

Google doodle honours 122nd birthday of controversial Charlie Chaplin

The bar has been raised yet again as today’s Google doodle focuses on one of history’s greatest funny men, Charlie Chaplin. As one of the brightest stars of the silent era Chaplin has left a legacy of good natured films which are still enjoyed by all generations.

The distinctive comedian is once again gracing the screen, only this time it’s on Google’s home page in a short movie parody of his work. Complete with his bowler hat, toothbrush moustache, walking cane and splay-footed walk he resumes the role of the ‘tramp’ who bids to buy a cake from a young woman (who may be a tip of the cap to one of his films A Countess From Hong Kong).

Charlie Chaplin is celebrated with a Google doodle

The film plays out in mild Chaplin style and as always leaves us with a happy ending.

Though a popular figure on-screen Charlie Chaplin was not so in real life. The English born actor was a sympathiser of left wing mindsets and subsequently became suspected of communism and accused of carrying out ‘un-American’ activities during the McCarthy era.

Further controversy surrounded Chaplin, particularly his penchant for younger women. He was regarded as a womaniser and he drew many accusatory remarks due to his love of teenage girls.

In 1918, aged 28 he married 16-year-old Mildred Harris. The marriage lasted only two years. Then, in 1924 he fell for Lita Grey, another 16-year-old girl to whom he wed after she fell pregnant with his two sons. This marriage ended abruptly in 1927 after a bitter dispute.

His third marriage was conducted secretly in 1936 to actress Paulette Goddard. Despite happiness for many years the much maligned Chaplin once again faced divorce in 1942.

[adsense]Due to his supposed communist interests he was observed by J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI who took the opportunity to revoke his visa while he visited Europe in 1952. American powers breathed a sigh of relief upon alleviating the pest problem and Chaplin took up residence in Switzerland with his family.

He was awarded an Oscar in 1972 for ‘the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century.’ He was granted a temporary visa which entitled him to visit once for two months maximum.

He collected the award and left America never to return.

He passed away on Christmas Day, 1977 in Veney, Switzerland and was survived by nine children and his last wife Oona O’Neill.

Amongst his more famous fans was Adolf Hitler who admitted to adopting the toothbrush moustache after enjoying Charlie Chaplin films.

Please share your thoughts on Google’s doodle or Charlie Chaplin by leaving a comment.

Read about the crazy Charlie Chaplin time travel conspiracy; as well as other Google doodles like Jules Verne, Robert Bunsen, Harry Houdini and Yuri Gagarin.

images: mail.carsbase.com; zozette.wordpress.com; google.com

Google celebrates Yuri Gagarin: The accidental cosmonaut

Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space and Google is celebrating his fantastic achievement today with a nice little doodle. Although the ‘space race’ was born out of desperation to be the kingpin of the cold war between the east and the west, the Russian pilot did not go into space as part of an international game of one-upmanship; indeed he was forced to go by the loss of his pets.

In fact the Cold War started because the Americans sent Gagarin’s pets into space and he was so outraged that he declared war on them – Cold War. Gagarin was a pacifist but he wanted America to know he was angry. Very angry. Incensed even.

Yuri Gagarin straps himself in as he sets off to save Laika

It was in the 1940’s that things began to go wrong for the amiable, animal loving pilot. His beloved pet rhesus monkey Albert; a curious little soul, made his way across the Pacific to U.S. shores from where he sent Yuri a postcard telling of his arrival. He’d wanted to branch out more and life at the airbase just wasn’t fulfilling enough. Albert yearned for adventure.

It was that curiosity that proved his undoing as according to Gagarin, Albert one day mistakenly entered a V2 rocket thinking it was a banana smoothie bar and before he realised his mistake the door closed and the rocket launched into space.

The flight ended in disaster as the vessel only reached 39 miles, barely leaving the atmosphere, and poor Albert’s capsule of doom suffered a malfunction – the parachute failed and he plummeted to his untimely end.

Gagarin was forgiving at first, putting it down to Albert’s youthful exuberance, but when lightning struck a second time he knew something was amiss.

Albert II followed in the footsteps of his older brother and on V2 flight no.47 he achieved success, reaching an incredible 68 miles above the Earth.

There was no mistake this time, Albert II landed safely and immediately set about writing a book of his adventures. The book was an international best-seller and Time magazine hailed it as a work of literary genius that defined a generation. That publication sparked a clutch of animal autobiographies including Albert II’s famous simian cousin, Cheetah of Tarzan fame.

Gagarin meanwhile was outraged. Not only had he lost his first beloved Albert but now he had to live with the knowledge that Albert II had become a Hollywood icon, renowned writer and substance abuser. The money and fame had gone to his head.

The final straw for Gagarin came in 1957 when the Russian’s sent his Jack Russell, Laika into orbit. The signs had been there but Yuri, in his grief at the loss of both Alberts, missed them completely.

Laika had often worn her favourite space harness around the park, insisting she be seen in that instead of the dowdy black collar with paw prints on it. She had taken to doing her exercise regime in the public eye; push-ups and chin-ups at the local children’s playground and fetching the Frisbee so as not to look too conspicuous.

The ambitious Laika breaks Yuri Gagarin's heart

Then came the fateful day. Laika stood on the porch of their ranch wearing her space helmet and harness and announced she was leaving for other worlds. Gagarin was desperate; he begged and pleaded with her not to leave but she was adamant. Not Adam Ant. He didn’t come along until the 1980’s.

Gagarin devised a plan to win his dog back. He built his own rocket out of tin foil, yoghurt cartons and an old aluminium deck chair. He used 5 litre coke bottles as boosters and incorporated a small capsule made from a pop-up-tent in the head of the rocket which would detach once he reached orbit.

The plan seemed solid and on April 12th, 1961 he launched himself into space. The journey took just four minutes and his biceps had doubled in size by the time he reached orbit, after pumping the air into the huge coke bottles.

By some luck he found Laika floating in space. She was alive and well, and he brought her aboard his make-shift space home. She apologised for being so hasty and hoped he’d forgive her.

[adsense]He did and he was inspired by her courage. She told him that she’d packed an extra big bag of bone shaped treats which had seen her through the four years since she left Earth. She also admitted that carrying the big bag made her bum look smaller and that even though she was a legend, vanity was still a huge weakness of hers.

In their guilt and shame the Americans; under the expert guidance of Albert II, launched a rescue mission in 1969; sending Neil Armstrong and his two best friends to retrieve the Russians from the surface of the moon.

They never found them because Albert II was high on a cocktail of cocaine, MDMA and meth-amphetamine when he told NASA of his rescue plan. The cosmonauts are still up there now, but on a clear night, if you know where to look, you can see them passing overhead like a tiny, twinkling star.

Here’s to you Yuri Gagarin and your quest to save your pets.

Please share your thoughts about Yuri Gagarin and Google doodles by leaving a comment.

Read about other Google doodles such as Robert Bunsen; Jules Verne; Harry Houdini; Thomas Edison and Constantin Brancusi.

images: en.wikipedia.com; pbs.org; pbs.com; google.com

Google Doodle celebrate's Robert Bunsen – inventor of weapons of mass disruption

OK Folks it’s time to get your gauze, tripod, ceramic mat and goggles on as we enter the world of all things chemistry, expertly guided by the hand of Google who are today celebrating the 200th birthday of Robert Bunsen, he of the Bunsen burner fame.

I’m sure thousands of internet journalists will be writing about Bunsen today, telling you about his past and how he came to invent one of the most important scientific devices in the history of scientific devices, but I want to go down a different road – I want to share a more personal experience with you.

The thoughtless Bobby Bunsen is celebrated with a google doodle. Damn you Bobby, damn you!

This experience has to be hypothetical as the man is long dead and I therefore can not have a conversation face-to-face with him, so instead I’m going to reprimand Bobby Bunsen in a retrospective fashion.

If I could go back in time I’d tell Bob that his device, while a raging success and still widely used today in professional and school labs, is in fact a source of much foolery and misery to many school students across the globe – myself included.

I’d ask Bob to reconsider his design and think about the future where kids would be a different breed akin to mischievous little Chupacabras, rampaging through life like the urban equivalent of Lord of the Flies with the sole aim of wreaking as much havoc in class as possible whether the teacher is present or not.

I’d also ask him for the reimbursement of several school ties and a clutch of favourite pens that went the way of the blue flame, not to mention the lunch I once lost to a strip of magnesium, a pair of tongues and an over-zealous pyromaniac. I don’t think my retinas ever fully recovered.

[adsense]Yes I was guilty too, but as the saying goes, “Shit rolls downhill,” and being somewhere in the middle of the school bully/victim hierarchy it was my job to take my frustration out on those a step or two below me. I don’t know who invented the school hierarchy system but it sucked and still sucks today as far as I’m aware.

I remember more than once bypassing the Bunsen burner and just lighting the gas tap, much to the delight of my classmates but not so much the teacher. That cost me a few lunchtimes and ultimately my chemistry GCSE which brought me an ‘F’ and a clout from my very disappointed grandfather.

Yes Robert Bunsen; while countless generations of scientists have and will continue to applaud your simple invention, I do not, because giving high school children access to Bunsen burners is about as responsible as selling arms to dictators and not expecting them to kill their own people with them.

Please share your thoughts on Robert Bunsen and his weapon of mass disruption by leaving a comment.

Read about other google doodles including Harry Houdini;  Constantin Brancusi; Jules Verne; Paul Cezanne; Robert Burns and Valentines Day.

Images: google.com; britannica.com

Google celebrates Houdini's 137th birthday with a doodle

The term ‘death defying” was undoubtedly epitomised by one man whose stunts and escapades are as thrilling today as they were 100 years ago. Harry Houdini still remains one of the most revered escapologists 85 years after is death, and today Google is celebrating his 137th birthday with a simple doodle.

 

Houdini was born in Budapest, Hungary on March 24th, 1874 and his real name was Erik Weisz. Despite his eastern European beginnings he chose America as his adopted home and from 1904 onwards assumed a new identity, claiming to have been born in Appleton, Wisconsin on April 6th, 1874.

 

Confusion was part of his life’s work and although best remembered for his incredible escape acts, Houdini was also an actor, and a debunker of scams and trickery in their many guises.

 

His career in magic began in 1891 and at first he was largely unsuccessful as he trawled his generic card trick act through dime museums, sideshows and circuses; audaciously lauding himself as “The King of Cards”.

 

Houdini's most famous trick, the Chinese Water Torture Cell

After a few years he donned his new persona and with the aid of his brother ‘Dash’ he started experimenting with escapology. “The Houdini Brothers” had a regular spot at Coney Island which is where he met his sweetheart Wilhelmina Beatrice Rahner who eventually replaced Dash as his stage assistant.

 

In 1899 Houdini got his breakthrough when he met Martin Beck who became his manager and promoter. After seeing Houdini’s impressive handcuff tricks he insisted he focus on those and drop the card tricks. Houdini explored more difficult escape acts and his most famous; the Chinese Water Torture Cell became a staple of his touring show.

 

After touring the UK he returned to America where he rose to prominence thanks to a six month residency at Alhambra Theatre where he never failed to wow audiences with his death-defying escapes.

 

After a few years of performing he wrote explanations of his tricks for the Magic Brotherhood which included references to dislocating his limbs, regurgitating keys and lockpicks, how to force locks by hand and controlled breathing exercises to stay underwater or buried for long periods.

 

[adsense]Houdini’s life ended in 1926 but it was not due to any of his stunts as was widely believed. He kept himself in top physical condition and as such believed that he could take a physical blow to any part of his upper body without injury; a theory that was put to the test by J. Gordon Whitehead, a McGill University student who quizzed Houdini about his claims before repeatedly hitting him in the abdomen.

 

Eye witnesses at the time said, “Houdini was reclining on his couch after his performance, having an art student sketch him. When Whitehead came in and asked if it was true that Houdini could take any blow to the stomach, Houdini replied groggily in the affirmative. In this instance, he was hit three times before Houdini could tighten up his stomach muscles to avoid serious injury. Whitehead reportedly continued hitting Houdini several more times and Houdini acted as though he were in some pain.”

 

Houdini died of Peritonitis from a ruptured appendix as a result of the damage caused by Whitehead’s blows.

Please share your thoughts about Houdini and whether he was a fraudster or not by leaving a comment.

Read about other Google doodles including Brancusi’s Kiss; Paul Cezanne; Robert Burns; Jules Verne and John F. Kennedy.

images: laist.com; vintageculture.net

 

Brancusi's Kiss honoured in Google Doodle

Google is celebrating sculptor Constantin Brancusi’s 135th anniversary with a portrayal of his greatest works, including The Kiss, in its Doodle.

Brancusi was born in Romania in 1876 and studied in Bucharest before moving to Paris in 1904. He spent over 50 years in the French capital and died there in 1957.

He produced over 215 sculptures by the time of his death and went on to become one of the founding figures of modern sculpture. He is also said to be one of the most original artists the 20th century has seen, according to the Metro.

His works, particularly carvings, apparently brought abstractism and primivitism into the medium of sculpture for the first time. He worked with various materials, including limestone, marble, bronze and wood. His pieces were considered to be just as important as Pablo Picasso’s in establishing the modern art era.

Apart from Picasso, Brancusi had many other influential friends, including sculptor Auguste Rodin, Man Ray and Henri Rousseau.

Romania’s Communist government turned down the collection bequeathed to it on his death, and instead it was the French government who benefited from part of his body of work, according to the Mirror. Many of his creations have since gone on to make record sums at auctions.

[adsense]Danaide set the high mark at $18million in 2002 and in 2009 Madame L.R. fetched an extraordinary $37.1million.

Today’s Google Doodle showcases some of Brancusi’s popular works. They reflect all variety of the materials he used, illustrating works in stone, bronze and wood – all spelling out Google. They include Brancusi’s Promethues Bound, Sleeping Muse, Mademoiselle Pogany, The Kiss and Bird in Space – the sculpture used to make the ‘l’ of the Doodle, which sold in 2005 for $27.45million.

Read about other Doodles including, Christmas and New Year, Paul Cezanne, Burns’ night and John F. Kennedy‘s inaugural speech.

Images: Google and Wikimedia Commons

Google celebrates 'polar immortal' Ernest Shackleton's birthday with a doodle

Google is rolling out the doodles at an incredible rate these days and are certainly brightening up our desktops and searches. Today is the turn of Ernest H. Shackleton, a member of the ‘polar immortals’ who set a record for the furthest venture south in the Antarctic.

The Irish born adventurer (February 15th, 1874) possessed incredible skill in maintaining high morale amongst his men, although this didn’t become evident until later in his travels. He tasted his first real adventure while serving as third officer under Captain Scott on his Discovery Expedition between 1901 and 1904, in a time known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, and despite being sent home before the quest ended on the grounds of poor health, the experience whet his appetite for more.

Determined not to be seen as a failure, Shackleton went back to Antarctica in1907 as leader of the Nimrod Expedition and by January 1909, along with three companions, he made the record breaking journey to the Farthest South Latitude 88°23’S (190km from the South Pole).

That achievement won him a knighthood by the hand of King Edward VII.

In 1912 the race to the South Pole was over after Roald Amundsen’s conquest, and Shackleton sought a new quest, the only one that remained in fact – a journey across the Antarctic continent from sea-to-sea via the pole.

He made the necessary preparations for a conquest of such magnitude and in 1914 he set out on the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. The voyage lasted three years but was beset by disaster when his ship, the Endurance became stuck in pack ice and was slowly crushed, before the crew were able to reach their start point.

Shackleton bravely led his men across the tundra, keeping their spirits high and exploiting the wilderness to their escape; losing not one single life in the process.

[adsense]These events set his heroic status in stone, but still not satisfied with the accumulation of experiences he had gathered, he went back to the Antarctic in 1921, as part of the Shackleton-Rowett Expedition, upon which he intended to carry out a series of scientific research projects and surveys. Sadly he never made the journey, for while his new ship, the Quest was moored in South Georgia, Shackleton passed away aged 47 after a heart attack. His wife asked that he buried on the mountainous island, and her wishes were respected.

Despite his many great adventures and achievements, he always lived in the shadow of his former captain, Robert Falcon Scott, and it was only after his death that people began to realise just how valuable his journeys were.

Please share your thoughts on the life and adventures of Ernest Shackleton by leaving a comment.

Read about other doodles including: Robert Indiana’s Love, Jules Verne, Paul Cezanne, Thomas Edison, Jane Austen and Robert Burns.

images: ralphmag.org, google.com

Google's doodle has the Love bug for Valentine's Day

Love is in the air today and Google are joining in with the feeling as they celebrate Valentine’s Day with a new doodle dedicated to Robert Indiana.

Indiana was born September 13th 1928 and as an artist was considered a part of the ‘Pop Art’ movement which was spearheaded by the iconic Andy Warhol. Google’s doodle is based on his ‘Love’ Sculpture which has been an attraction in the Indianapolis Museum of Art since 1975, and replicas of the classic image have been reconstructed all over the world, including one on Sixth Avenue, New York City and one outside Taipei 101 in Taiwan (which was the tallest building in the world until 2010).

The unique, lop-sided ‘O’ gives the image its distinctive look, and it has been translated into various languages including Hebrew, Chinese, Italian and Spanish.

Robert Indiana, originally named Robert Cark hails from New Castle, Indiana and he first drew the ‘Love’ logo as a Christmas card design. Since then it has cropped up just about everywhere from postage stamps to footwear, and of course, very fittingly as Google’s doodle today.

At 82 years of age Indiana is still working as a designer and artist. Later in life he turned his attention to the stage where he designed sets and clothing; although he did offer a reworking of ‘Love’ in 2008 when he presented ‘Hope’.  The proceeds of sales went towards funding Barrack Obama’s campaign trail to the White House, raising in excess of $1,000,000 through reproductions on T-shirts, keyrings, pins, bumper stickers and various other paraphernalia.

Google’s homepage is a also a timely reminder to all those who have forgotten their loved ones today, but if you’re going to get them a gift; at least really think about it and don’t just dive into the nearest florist or confectioners.

Show them you care, and that you’ve thought about them.

Please share your thoughts on the new doodle by leaving a comment.

See other google logos like Thomas Edison, Jules Verne, Paul Cezanne, Jane Austen and Robert Burns.

images: americanart.si.edu, google.com

Alexander Bell and Henry Ford reborn through Google's Edison doodle.

It seems that Google’s celebration of Thomas Edison’s birthday has sparked curiosity among web frequenters today, with Alexander Graham Bell and Henry Ford also coming under keen scrutiny.

Alexander Bell was an associate of Edison’s at Boston Tech, and the pair poured their ideas and scientific excellence into development of communication devices, and it was with Edison’s carbon transmitter that he developed the first ‘articulating’ telephone.

Without the help of Benjamin Bredding, Thomas Edison and George B. Stearns, Bell would never have managed his greatest invention as his lack of understanding of electricity proved something of a hurdle.

He did however successfully make a working telephone, although it was described as talking through a kazoo, despite its practicality.
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In 1879 Bell beat Edison to the punch when he claimed the patent for the telephone, much to his rival’s disappointment. Of course Edison went on to greater things after that.

Henry Ford came along a little later, born July 30th, 1863 in Michigan. He spent his early life on the family farm in Dearborn, taking classes in a one-roomed school, moving onto nearby Detroit at the age of 16.

He spent three years as an apprentice machinist, occasionally returning to help out on the farm. Then, in 1891 he took a job as an engineer at the Edison Illumination Company end enjoyed promotion to Chief Engineer just two years later.

The promotion afforded him the time and money to experiment with the internal combustion engine, and although he was not the first to create a vehicle propelled by engine, he was at the forefront of mass production vehicles.

In 1903, after a few failed attempts at establishing car manufacturers, the Ford Motor Company was incorporated with Henry as the vice-president and chief engineer.

His dream was to manufacture affordable yet reliable cars and his first mass production piece, the Model T went into production in 1908. 10 Years later half of the cars on the road were Ford Model T’s and by 1927 his vision of the future was all but complete, when work finished on his massive manufacturing complex that housed everything required to build his cars all in one place.

He passed away on April 7th, 1947 and left behind a lasting legacy of vehicles which are still one of the most popular on the roads. The cars still live by his ethos of reliable and affordable.

Please share your thoughts on Ford and Bell’s inventions by leaving a comment.

Read about Thomas Edison and google’s doodles: Paul Cezanne, Jules Verne,  Jane Austen, Robert Burns and X-Rays.

images: historyplace.com, scottish.biz