Obesity May be Driving Earlier Puberty in Girls | Psych Central News

Obesity May be Driving Earlier Puberty in GirlsNew research shows obesity is the largest predictor of earlier puberty in girls, which is affecting white girls much sooner than previously reported.

The multi-institutional study published in the journal Pediatrics confirms that girls of all races are beginning puberty at a younger age, a longstanding observation in the U.S.

“The impact of earlier maturation in girls has important clinical implications involving psychosocial and biologic outcomes,” said Frank Biro, M.D., lead investigator.

“The current study suggests clinicians may need to redefine the ages for both early and late maturation in girls.”

Researchers have observed that girls with earlier maturation are at risk for a multitude of challenges, including lower self-esteem, higher rates of depression, norm-breaking behaviors and lower academic achievement.

Experts say early maturation also results in greater risks of obesity, hypertension and several cancers — including breast, ovarian and endometrial cancer .

The study was conducted through the Breast Cancer and Environmental Research Program, established by the National Institute of Environmental Health Science.

Researchers at centers in the San Francisco Bay Area, Cincinnati and New York City examined the ages of 1,239 girls at the onset of breast development and the impact of body mass index and race/ethnicity.

The girls ranged in age from 6 to 8 years at enrollment and were followed at regular intervals from 2004 to 2011. Researchers used well-established criteria of pubertal maturation, including the five stages of breast development known as the Tanner Breast Stages.

The girls were followed longitudinally, which involved multiple regular visits for each girl. Researchers said this method provided a good perspective of what happened to each girl and when it occurred.

Researchers found the respective ages at the onset of breast development varied by race, body mass index (obesity), and geographic location.

Breast development began in white, non-Hispanic girls, at a median age of 9.7 years — earlier than previously reported.

Black girls continue to experience breast development earlier than white girls, at a median age of 8.8 years.

The median age for Hispanic girls in the study was 9.3 years, and 9.7 years for Asian girls.

Body mass index was a stronger predictor of earlier puberty than race or ethnicity.

Although the research team is still working to confirm the exact environmental and physiological factors behind the phenomenon, they conclude the earlier onset of puberty in white girls is likely caused by greater obesity.

Source: Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center

 

Young girl performing breast exam photo by shutterstock.

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Childhood Obesity Again Tied to Earlier Puberty in Girls – WebMD

Childhood Obesity Tied to Earlier Puberty in Girls

By Amy Norton

HealthDay Reporter

MONDAY, Nov. 4 (HealthDay News) — U.S. girls are developing breasts at a younger age compared to years past, and obesity appears to explain a large share of the shift, a new study suggests.

Researchers found that between 2004 and 2011, American girls typically started developing breasts around the age of 9. And those who were overweight or obese started sooner — usually when they were about 8 years old.

The numbers are concerning, the researchers said — especially since the typical age at breast development is younger now than it was in a similar study from 1997. The main reason: Girls are heavier now than they were in the ’90s.

“This is another manifestation of America’s high body-mass index,” said lead researcher Dr. Frank Biro, of Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. Body-mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on a ratio of height to weight.

The findings, reported online Nov. 4 and in the December print issue of the journal Pediatrics, add to evidence that American children are hitting puberty earlier than in decades past. The rising tide of childhood obesity has been suspected as a major cause, but the new study gives more hard data to support the idea.

Biro said, however, that excess pounds do not seem to be the full explanation. And it’s possible that other factors — such as diet or chemicals in the environment — play a role.

Why should people worry that puberty is coming sooner now than in years past? There is a concern when young kids look older than they are, and are possibly treated that way, Biro said.

Studies have found that girls who mature early are more likely to be influenced by older friends, start having sex sooner and have more problems with low self-esteem and depression. “Just because you’re developing more quickly physically doesn’t mean you’re maturing emotionally or socially,” Biro said.

Plus, early puberty has been tied to long-term health risks. For women, an earlier start to menstruation has been linked to a heightened risk of breast cancer. It’s not clear why, but some researchers suspect that greater lifetime exposure to estrogen might be one reason.

Biro said earlier puberty also has been tied to increased risks of high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes in adulthood. It’s hard, though, to know whether earlier puberty is to blame since obese kids tend to start puberty earlier, and obese children often become obese adults, he said.

Dr. Patricia Vuguin, a pediatric endocrinologist at the Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children’s Medical Center in New Hyde Park, N.Y., said it’s not known if it’s the earlier development or the obesity itself that causes the increased risk of those conditions.

Breast-Feeding Won't Prevent Pre-Teen Obesity, Study Finds …

Breastfeeding Might Not Prevent Pre-Teen Obesity

Nursing exclusively has no effect on later

By Serena Gordon

HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, March 12 (HealthDay News) — Breast-feeding has many benefits, but preventing overweight and obesity later in a child’s life probably isn’t among them, according to a new study.

The study included nearly 14,000 children from Belarus whose mothers were involved in a study to promote exclusive breast-feeding for longer periods. When the researchers checked on the children around age 11, they found that breast-feeding duration and exclusivity didn’t make a difference in child’s later weight.

Still, the study authors pointed out that breast-feeding has many advantages, and mothers should still be encouraged to breast-feed their infants.

“Although breast-feeding is unlikely to stem the current obesity epidemic, its other advantages are amply sufficient to justify continued public health efforts to promote, protect and support it,” said the study’s lead author, Richard Martin, a professor of clinical epidemiology at the University of Bristol in England.

Results of the study appear in the March 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

The children in the study were initially recruited with their mothers for a study designed to assess a breast-feeding intervention program. The breast-feeding program was based on the World Health Organization/Unicef Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative, which promotes exclusive breast-feeding and breast-feeding for longer periods of time.

Some of the practices included in the breast-feeding program included having a written breast-feeding policy, showing mothers how to initiate and maintain breast-feeding, having babies in the same room as their mothers 24 hours a day, and giving no pacifiers to the infants, Martin said.

The study included 31 hospitals in Belarus, a country in eastern Europe. Infants and their mothers were randomly selected to be in the breast-feeding-promotion group or in a group given the hospital’s usual care.

The intervention substantially increased the duration of exclusive breast-feeding, according to the study. At 3 months, 43 percent of women in the intervention group were exclusively breast-feeding their babies, compared to 6 percent of those in the usual-care group. At 6 months, about 8 percent of women from the breast-feeding-program group were still breast-feeding exclusively, versus less than 1 percent of the usual-care group.

Although some previous studies suggested that breast-feeding exclusively for longer periods might curb childhood obesity, the researchers found no significant differences in body mass or in the risk of overweight or obesity when they followed up with the children about 12 years later, according to the study.

Dr. Deborah Campbell, director of the division of neonatology at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City, said she doesn’t think this study is the final word on whether breast-feeding might affect later weight.

Campbell noted that, unlike a U.S. population, which would be more diverse, most of the people in Belarus have the same ethnic and racial background. They also have universal health care, and a population with higher education levels than the United States. These differences make it difficult to translate these findings to a U.S. population, she said.

10 Celebrities who battled breast cancer

There have been many celebrity women who have had to cope with fighting breast cancer and super famous or not, all women battling the disease need our support.You know their faces and you may have heard they’ve had breast cancer. Here are their stories…

Martina Navratilova

In early 2010, tennis champion Martina Navratilova was diagnosed with an early form of breast cancer. After six weeks of radiation therapy, Martina happily reported in late September that she is cancer free.

Kylie Minogue

(Diagnosed in 2005 at age 36). It took two rounds of tests for doctors to find a cancerous lump in the Australian singer’s left breast — she was misdiagnosed the first time. She received a partial mastectomy, chemotherapy and radiation. The singer now urges women to trust their gut when they go to the doctor. “Just because someone is in a white coat and using big medical instruments doesn’t necessarily mean they’re right,” she told Ellen DeGeneres in 2007. (Health.com)

Hoda Kotb

(Diagnosed in 2007 at age 42) A routine checkup at the gynecologist turned up a lump in the NBC Today Show co-host’s breast. Kotb underwent mastectomy and reconstructive surgery in March 2007, and, she wrote in a personal essay, “The world just suddenly snapped into focus. Everything that was important became totally clear.” She said she wants to bring awareness to the disease and attention on the need for a cure. ( MSNBC)

Cynthia Nixon

(diagnosed 2006 at 40)- At first, Sex and the City star Cynthia Nixon was hesitant to reveal that a cancerous tumor had been discovered in her right breast during a routine mammogram. Nixon, best known for playing the responsible Miranda Hobbes, didn’t want her condition to become public during her treatment. “I didn’t want paparazzi at the hospital, that kind of thing,” Nixon told the New York Daily News after treating her cancer with a lumpectomy and radiation. But Nixon, whose mother also survived breast cancer, decided to tell her story when she realized it might serve as an inspiration for other women at risk.

Melissa Etheridge

(Diagnosed in 2004 at age 43) The singer found a lump in her left breast during a self-breast exam in the shower. After undergoing chemotherapy and radiation following a lumpectomy, she was inspired to write the song “I Run for Life” about her battle against breast cancer. (Health.com)

Christina Applegate

(Diagnosed in 2008 at age 36.) When the actress was diagnosed in 2008 through MRI, she decided to undergo a double mastectomy to reduce the chance that the cancer could spread or come back. Applegate, whose mother is a repeat breast cancer survivor, had breast reconstruction surgery and plans to launch a foundation for high-risk women who can’t afford MRI testing. (Health.com)

Olivia Newton-John

(Diagnosed in 1992 at age 51). When the singer and actress was first diagnosed, she considered foregoing chemotherapy in favor of alternative treatments like homepathy and acupuncture. She later said, “Common sense prevailed,” and finally had chemo after a modified radical mastectomy. She now advises those diagnosed, “Don’t go it alone,” and recalls her husband with her at the doctor’s office was better able to focus and ask questions about hte best treatment options.

Robin Roberts

(Diagnosed in 2007 at age 46). The ” Good Morning America” anchor discovered a lump while conducting a self-breast exam. After completing eight chemotherapy treatments, combined with radiation, she’s now considered cancer-free. She shared her story with viewers beginning with her diagnosis. (Health.com)

Maura Tierney

(Diagnosed in 2009 at age 44). The actress publicly said she was optimistic as to the outcome following her diagnosis. She had a breast tumor removed in the summer of 2009, and put acting on hold while she focused on her treatment. “I didn’t want that phase of my life documented on film,” she told the New York Times of her decision to drop out of the television series “Parenthood.” She returned to acting in the spring of 2010, hitting the stage for a production of “North Atlantic.”

Sheryl Crow

(Diagnosed in 2006 at age 44) A routine mammogram caught suspicious calcifications in both of the singer’s breasts in October 2006. Crow immediately went on the offensive, canceling a tour to undergo surgery and seven weeks of radiation supplemented with acupuncture and herbal teas. Crow was able to skip chemotherapy because her cancer was caught early. In 2007, she petitioned Congress to fund research into possible links between breast cancer and environmental factors. (Health.com)

Read more Personal Health, Diet Fitness stories on www.healthmeup.com

Breast Cancer: new study recommends less mammograms

Tits out for the (medical) lads. Or maybe not.

It’s all about boobs today as according to a new study, some women should have mammograms to detect for breast cancer more frequently than others, depending on their individual profiles and genetic chances of cancer. Just as women have varying breast sizes, they also have different propensities for developing cancer and therefore each woman’s strategy should be looked at individually.

At the moment, mammograms are given based on a woman’s age rather than her potential for the ‘c’ word. In recent years, this age-based approach has been subject to controversy as health experts contended the age=mammogram approach, recommending that some women require more frequent tests than others. Meaning that some women are having more than they should and some less, under the current standard.

Healthy breasts

More complex approach to breast cancer screening could keep these and more like them happy and healthy.

The approach these health experts recommend is more complex and personalised, and involves looking at the individual risk factors of each woman independently such as breast density and her family history of cancers, along with age and lifestyle considerations.

Current protocol recommended by the medical experts and the American Cancer Society involves women having a breast screening every two years from the age of 40 onwards, regardless of whether there is a higher risk due to the patient’s family history. The Preventive Services Taskforce has previously suggested that women aged 40-49 should be screened depending on their families’ health history, and whether they are deemed personally at risk and that only women over 50 should have mammograms every two years regardless. The taskforce went on to say that the ‘over-screening’ of women deemed ‘unlikely’ to have cancer had not only a financial implication but also exposed these women to unnecessary radiation along with anxiety related to the test and its possible outcome.

Kylie Minogue battled breast cancer and won

Kylie Minogue used to be famous for her bottom, until 2005 when her boobs got jealous and went all cancer on her.

Research has shown that the denser the breast tissue, the less fat and the higher the risk of cancer. The study itself involved a computer model that was able to compare the health benefits and costs of women who had mammograms every year, against those that undertook them every two, three, four years or had never undertaken one. The computer model was also able to look at the risk factors of the individual and assumed six different outcomes such as healthy, cancer potential and, the least popular, death.

The study looked at how many additional mammograms would be necessary over a decade to prevent a single death from breast cancer in those undertaking the screening every year or less .

Doctors may choose to move to a more personal approach or they may wait for guidelines from medical organizations to be published. The new recommendation would necessitate more in depth consideration of each patient and would require more administration than the current method.

Risk factors include: genetics, diet, alcohol consumption, weight, smoking and oestrogen.

Keep breast cancer at bay with plenty of raw fruit and vegetables

Go on! Your breasts will thank you for it.

Keep your bouncers healthy with a diet low in animal protein and animal fats and high in fruits and vegetables. Is that Big Mac and milkshake really worth losing a tit for?

Celebrities who have been diagnosed with el cancer del boob include pop princess Kylie Minogue, Christina Applegate, Sheryl Crow and Charlie’s Angel Jaclyn Smith.

If you would like to make a big bouncy comment about this article, please use the big bouncy comments box below:

 

Images: self.com, lithium–x.deviantart.com, wingfantasy.com, brendadavisrd.com

 

Alicia Douvall steps out with swollen face after further surgeries

Former glamor model Alicia Douvall was recently seen with a swollen and bruised face after she succumbed to putting herself under the knife for yet another excruciating plastic surgery procedure. According to the Daily Mail, the 30 year old jetted off to America after surgeons in the UK refused to carry out any further operations. The lingerie designer has had over 100 cosmetic procedures to date, including having her jaw, mouth and nose reshaped. She has had an astounding 16 breast operations and even had her ribs shaved to make her waist smaller.

She has been diagnosed as suffering from body dysmorphic disorder and in an earlier interview Alicia Douvall, who changed her name from Sarah Howes, was quoted as saying that for her it is a constant struggle to beat her cosmetic surgery addiction. As reported by The Sun, she said ‘I’ve had so many operations I can’t feel my stomach, my left breast or anything under my right arm.’ She added ‘I’ve had 15 boob jobs. I’ve changed my eyes and nose, had facelifts. My philosophy is “if it can be changed it will be”.

She also revealed that in order to get away with having so many procedures she visits different doctors and often lies about her medical history. She added “Often, I’ll walk in, not even knowing what I want doing and say something like “What do you think might be wrong?” or “What do you think of my eyes?” I keep hoping one day I’ll wake up feeling happy with myself.”

Douvall was abused as a child by someone close to the family. “I killed off Sarah Howes a long time ago…All I ever wanted to do was reinvent myself as Alicia Douvall because I hated myself so much. I thought I was the ugliest person in the world.”

Stints in rehab have not helped the troubled celebrity to come to terms with herself and overcome her dangerous surgery obsession. She was most recently spotted with a bruised and swollen face after having further plastic surgery.

One cannot help but be concerned for the well-being of 14-year-old daughter Georgia with such a poor role model to look up to. When she was just 13 she asked her mother for breast implants for her birthday. However, she seems to have her feet firmly on the ground and is quoted by News of the World as saying, “Now I’m older I realize the damage you can do to your body with surgery. I’ve seen mum in so much pain. Even after 16 boob operations, she still isn’t happy. I don’t want to go down that road. I want to focus on my education.”

Read here about Heidi Montag’s plastic surgery obsession and Kathy Griffin warning women about the perils of going under the knife.

Images: http://www.myspace.com/aliciadouvall/photos/5271065#a=0&i=5271065 http://c1.ac-images.myspacecdn.com/images01/1/l_eb03c3eff06c8427e88095b230e3c994.jpg

Maura Tierney opens up about her fight with breast cancer

Maura Tierney has opened up about her breast cancer and says that she was scared of the disease, according to www.people.com.

Tierney was diagnosed with breast cancer last year and underwent rigorous treatment. She was due to appear on the NBC show ‘Parenthood’, but could not due to the ongoing treatment.

The actress was reportedly too afraid to go to the doctor’s when she first discovered a lump in her breast. She is now advising women to not ignore the signs and see a doctor as soon as they can.

She said she was lucky to have a health insurance policy and a good team of doctors to help her out, www.huffingtonpost.com reports. Tierney’s doctors instilled faith in her that she will be okay and this is what made her strong in the fight against the disease.

The star added that she had surgery but still has two more months of treatment left. Breast cancer can be fatal and early diagnosis can greatly increase the chances of beating it.

Other celebrities who have battled breast cancer include Betty FordCynthia NixonKylie MinogueSheryl Crow and Anastacia.

Images: PR Photos

Heidi Montag gives soft tissue massage to G-cup implants

After the reports that Heidi Montag is thinking of getting her breast implants removed, here comes another one from www.radaronline.com. Heidi Montag seems to be too fond of her implants and regularly gives them soft tissue massage to keep them soft.

She loves flaunting her G-cup assets and has spoken about them on her Twitter account. She has undergone many surgeries and is famous for her huge G-cup breasts. She recently admitted that she feels trapped inside her body and wants a reduction but it seems she has changed her mind. On Tuesday, she tweeted “Giving myself a soft tissue breast massage. Ladies we have to keep those implants soft.”

Heidi underwent 10 surgeries in a single day  that reportedly included butt augmentation, nose job, breast implants and brow lift, says a report in www.huffingtonpost.com. She also got her ears pinned and tweeted about the same to let others know about the surgery.

She was seen tweeting “Warning: to anyone who is thinking about getting their ears pinned, I learned after the fact it is the most painful surgery a person can get.” It seems she was not fearful of other major surgeries she underwent but ear pinning caused her too much of pain. Montag’s surgeon Dr. Frank Ryan died in the month of August apparently due to tweeting while driving. His car went off a cliff in Malibu, California.

Read about Heidi’s 10 plastic surgery procedures in one day and how Heidi wanted to remove her G-cup implants.

Other celebrities who have admitted to plastic surgery include Tara ReidDemi MooreDita von Teese and Pamela Anderson.

Images: PR Photos

Women should undergo breast or ovary removal surgery to avoid future cancer risk

According to a recent health study report published in www.independent.co.uk, women who have a particular genetic condition or inclination to breast and ovarian cancer can undergo surgeries to prevent this condition from developing.

The research took into consideration 2,500 women and found out that carrying out surgeries to remove breasts, ovaries or fallopian tubes helped the women with particular genetic mutations to prevent their body from getting cancer affected. This is the first of its kind study that has proved that women can live for longer if they undergo these surgeries.

The study also brought out the fact that it is important for women to undergo gene testing if anyone in the family has been a victim of breast or ovarian cancer. Christina Applegate had a double mastectomy after being diagnosed with breast cancer, as she had inherited a genetic fault known as the BRCA1 mutation.

The research has been done by the scientists at the Northwestern University, says the report published in www.ninemsn.com.au. The research showed that women who underwent corrective and preventive surgeries showed no signs of breast or ovarian cancer in the following three years.

It was seen that 7% women who did not go any surgeries got affected with cancer in the same period. Women who removed their breasts, fallopian tubes and ovaries got rid of cancer risks completely. The research has brought forward the benefits of these surgeries.

According to the researcher Virginia Kaklamani, “primary care physicians, gynecologists and women need to be more aware that these tests exist. So if a woman has a family history of ovarian cancer or breast cancer, the woman can be genetically tested. Testing should not start with the oncologists.”

Celebrities who have been diagnosed with breast cancer include Olivia Newton-JohnKylie MinogueSheryl CrowCynthia NixonBette DavisBetty FordMelissa EtheridgeAnastacia and Ingrid Bergman.

Images: Wikimedia Commons, PR Photos

Dita von Teese admits to boob job after drug past

The gorgeous artist, whose perfect body is an asset she depends on professionally and takes great pride in, reportedly underwent a breast augmentation at the young age of 21 because her drug habit left them looking appalling.

After realizing that her habit, which she says spiraled out of control, left her body looking ravaged and unattractive, Dita kicked the habit and turned to cosmetic surgery to fix the damage that had been done.

In an interview with News of the World, the sometimes fetish movie actress said: “I was a bit of a party girl the early ’90s and used LSD and ecstasy.

“Eventually my weight dropped to [91 pounds] and I looked terrible, so I gave up drugs.

“My breasts never recovered, so when I was 21 I had 32D implants. Now I’m a healthy [114 pounds].”

Dita von Teese in a sexy pose

Dita von Teese in a sexy pose

Often hailed as the “Queen of Burlesque”, Dita von Teese is probably most famous for her routine dancing in a large martini glass. Von Teese, born as Heather Sweet, who has admitted to enjoying several fetishes and has even acted in pronographic movies, got her start as a stripper when she was just 18.

She married her long-time fan, shock rocker Marilyn Manson in November 2005. The pair separated when von Teese filed for divorce in January 2005 due to “irreconcilable differences”.

Other celebrities who have had plastic surgery include Pamela Anderson, Heidi Montag, Mickey Rourke, Megan Fox, Demi Moore and Sharon Osbourne.

Image: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dita_Von_Teese_at_Selfridges,_London.jpg,

Originally uploaded by: Caroline Bonarde Ucci at http://flickr.com/photos/caroline_bonarde/

and, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SDG_Von_Teese_2.jpg, Author: Steve Diet Goedde